List of islands of Indonesia

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Map of the Indonesian Archipelago

The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian Archipelago or Nusantara, may refer either to the islands comprising the country of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands. The exact number of islands comprising Indonesia varies among definitions and sources. Refer to Law No 9/1996 on the Maritime Territory of Indonesia, 17,508 islands listed within the territory of Indonesia. This makes Indonesia the world's largest island country.[1]


The exact number of islands comprising Indonesia varies among definitions and sources. According to the Law No 9/1996 on Maritime Territory of Indonesia, of 17,508 officially listed islands within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia.[2] According to a geospatial survey conducted between 2007 and 2010 by the National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping (Bakorsurtanal), Indonesia has 13,466 islands.[3] However, according to earlier survey in 2002 by National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), the Indonesian archipelago has 18,307 islands,[4] and according to the CIA World Factbook, there are 17,508 islands.[5] The discrepancy of the numbers of Indonesian islands was because that the earlier surveys include "tidal islands"; sandy cays and rocky reefs that appear during low tide and are submerged during high tide. According to estimates made by the government of Indonesia 8,844 islands have been named, with 922 of those permanently inhabited.[6] As of 2018, 16,671 island names have been verified by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN).[7]

Modern Wawasan Nusantara the Indonesian archipelagic baselines pursuant to article 47, paragraph 9, of the UNCLOS

Major islands[edit]

List of islands[edit]

The following islands are listed by province:



Central Java[edit]

Special Capital Region of Jakarta[edit]

East Java[edit]

West Java[edit]

  • Monitor Lizard Island (Pulau Biawak), Indramayu



North Sumatra[edit]

West Sumatra[edit]




Riau Islands[edit]

Bangka-Belitung Islands[edit]


Central Kalimantan[edit]

  • Damar
  • Baning Island
  • Buaya Island
  • Burung Island

East Kalimantan[edit]

North Kalimantan[edit]

South Kalimantan[edit]

West Kalimantan[edit]


Central Sulawesi[edit]

North Sulawesi[edit]

South Sulawesi[edit]

Southeast Sulawesi[edit]

Lesser Sunda Islands[edit]


East Nusa Tenggara[edit]


West Nusa Tenggara[edit]

Maluku Islands[edit]


North Maluku[edit]

Western New Guinea[edit]

Islands near the Indonesian half of New Guinea island.

West Papua[edit]

610 islands, 35 inhabited


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Island Countries Of The World". Archived from the original on 7 December 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Undang-undang RI Nomor 9 Tahun 1996 tentang Perairan Indonesia" [Law No 9/1996 on Maritime Territory of Indonesia]. Article Explanatory notes of Law 9/1996, Law No. 9 of 1996 (in Indonesian). People's Representative Council.
  3. ^ "Hanya ada 13.466 Pulau di Indonesia". National Geographic Indonesia (in Indonesian). 8 February 2012.
  4. ^ Purwanto, Heru, ed. (10 January 2017). "Indonesia to register 14,752 officially named islands with UN". Antara News. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  5. ^ CIA World Factbook
  6. ^ Based on "Seminar Nasional Penetapan Nama Pulau-pulau Kecil Dalam Presektif Sejarah" or "National Seminary of Name for Little Islands from History Side", 16 to 18 July 2008 at Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  7. ^ "Hingga December 2019, Indonesia Miliki 17.491 Pulau". (in Indonesian). 10 February 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  8. ^ Galapagos islands